Brno is the largest city in Moravia and in terms of population and area it is the second largest city in the Czech Republic. It lies in the South Moravian Region, at the confluence of the Svratka and Svitava rivers. About 380,000 people live here. It is the center of the judiciary of the Czech Republic, home to the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court, the Supreme Administrative Court and the Supreme Public Prosecutor's Office. It is also an important center of higher education.
Brno offers a really wide range of all possible types of accommodation, international hotel chains such as Best Western, Barceló Hotels & Resorts or Courtyard by Marriot are also represented here. Most accommodation offers are located in the city center, these are mainly apartments (Atrium Apartments, Apartmany Arte) hotels (VV hotel & apartments) and guesthouses (Jacob Brno), many offers can also be found near Villa Tugendhat (Hotel Arte) or near Brno dams (Maximus Resort, Hotel Rakovec)
Archaeological finds document the settlement of the area as early as the Stone Age. Later, many fortifications and, of course, a castle were built here, first with a rotunda, later with a basilica. In the 11th century, a settlement began to develop around the castle, the importance of which gradually grew, and in the 14th century practically all important events in Moravia are concentrated here - the Moravian margraves, the provincial court, monasteries, churches, hospitals and a St. Wenceslas royal chapel were established. The original castle was destroyed and in the 13th century thanks to Přemysl Otakar II. a new castle was built on the Špilberk hill. From the 18th century until the end of World War II, this castle served as a prison. Today it is a significant landmark of the whole city. In the 18th century, manufactories, especially textiles, developed in Brno, theater performances took place here and the city flourished culturally. In the second half of the 18th century, Brno became the seat of the diocese and the church of St. Peter and Paul became the cathedral. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the city became essentially an industrial city and later a city of fairs and exhibitions. To this date, a number of architecturally valuable and old buildings have been preserved in Brno - churches, monasteries and palaces.
Monuments and interesting places
In Brno, almost everyone can enjoy themselves - from history lovers, through architecture lovers to motorcycle fans. Among other things, the following buildings and places are definitely worth a visit:
Špilberk Castle - a castle from the 13th century, a national cultural monument and a dominant of Brno Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul - the seat of the bishop of the Brno diocese, the national cultural monument Villa Tugendhat - the only Czech monument of modern architecture on the UNESCO list The Old Town Hall - the oldest secular building in the city Capuchin tomb - thanks to an ingenious ventilation system, some bodies buried here were naturally mummified Labyrinth under the Cabbage Market - part of Brno's historic underground Villa Stiassni - according to experts as interesting and architecturally valuable building as the famous villa Tugendhat Masaryk Circuit - hosts world motoring companies of the highest level, since 1987 and Moto GP Brno Reservoir - a popular place for rest and recreation not only for the inhabitants of Brno, there is a zoo nearby
Brno has the international public airport Brno - Tuřany, road transport makes Brno an international crossroads of highways that connect the city with Prague, as well as with Olomouc, Ostrava or Bratislava.